Attending school or college requires assets for something beyond educational costs, books, and an apartment. If you stay in a dormitory, you may have extra living payments for everything from rental fees to utilities, groceries, etc. After you have invested a great deal of energy exploring your choices to sort out which school or college is the best option for you, you will understand how much you will need and start considering the types of student loans, lenders, and interest rates.

The Ultimate Cheat Sheet to the Types of Student Loan

Graduate and undergraduate students can pay for their college tuition and other educational expenses with the help of personal loans for college students. After graduation, they need to repay the money they borrowed with interest, which means before choosing the lender and the loan, you need to make a wise decision.

There are two types of student loans: private loans (you take the money from banks) and federal or public loans (the U.S. Department of Education gives you the loan).

While both help covers tuition fees, there are significant differences in private and federal student loans, such as changes in the maximum amount, interest rates, etc.

To determine what type of student loan is the best, you need to understand the difference between these two loan types.

After choosing where you are going to obtain your higher education, it's time to learn about the types of student loans and interest rates for student loans

Federal and Private Student Loans Types

The U.S. government creates federal loans. Federal loan rates are primarily meager and convenient. However, before receiving the loan, students must first have the appropriate qualifications. Non-citizens and non-residents are not authorized to apply for federal loans. Students who are citizens or permanent residents of the United States will need to provide documentation of their family and financial status to determine the amount of financial aid the government will provide in grants and loans.

There are three types of federal loans: those that do not have interests, those that have interests, and those issued in parents’ names rather than students. Students don’t need to repay the loan during their studies for the first loan type. After the student is no longer registered, the student must begin to repay the interest-bearing loan after a short grace period.

The interest for the recent year is paid instantly. Interest-building loans will begin to add interest for each year instantly. These federal loans are currently the only federal loans available to graduate and college students. Finally, the parent takes out federal loans instead of a student and is repaid according to the loan terms. Lantern by SoFi notes that the average student loan interest rate of 5.8% for both federal and private in 2022 is a historically low mark.

Private loans are a bit different: both foreign and domestic students can apply for a bank loan that is privately sponsored. This is a huge benefit as there are a variety of student loans available, and it allows students to shop around for the best loan.

Check with your lender to see if they would cooperate with your school, as this is a requirement to confirm the loan amount. Nearly all non-US citizens and non-permanent residents need a U.S. guarantor to get the loan. Although a few institutions provide limited no-cosigner loan programs, nearly all international students will need a cosigner.

What Is student loan interest?

Loans are not free. When you borrow money, you will have to repay the money you borrowed, but you will also have to pay interest to the lender.

The best explanation of interest is the cost of borrowing money. Whether you have federal or private student loans, you will be charged interest until the debt is completely paid off. Thus, when you are through the process of repaying the loan, you’ll pay back the original loan amount (known as the original principal) plus a percentage of the remaining balance (interest).

Private student loan interest rates range from approximately 1.04% APR (annual percentage rate) to 14.50%. Many private student loan lenders provide fixed and variable interest rates, allowing qualified students to pick the option that best suits their needs. Your creditworthiness will determine the interest rate you qualify for and, if applicable, that of your cosigner. You can quickly compare lender rates, terms, and advantages on student loan lender comparison pages.

A simple daily formula or a compounding interest formula are commonly used to calculate interest. It’s essential to know the differences between these two formulas to understand how interest is calculated.

How does a simple interest formula work?

Once you have a simple interest loan, also known as the simple daily interest formula, interest is calculated based on your remaining principal balance. This formula is used to calculate interest on all federal student loans. Some private student loans will also utilize the simple daily interest calculation formula, which you can find out in your loan’s terms and conditions.

How does the compound interest formula work?

In the case of the compound interest formula, your loan’s interest is calculated based on your interest rate to your principal (the original amount you borrowed) and any outstanding or unpaid interest that has been added to your loan. The cost of your loan will be calculated based on both the original loan amount and any ongoing interest. Sometimes people refer to this as interest on interest.

How is student loan interest calculated?

Let’s look at how student loan interest is calculated and how much your loan will cost. Federal student loans, either subsidized or unsubsidized, mostly have fixed, low-interest rates. Whereas private student loans come from private lenders, each private loan will have its terms and conditions. While a private lender may use the simple daily interest formula, they may use a compound interest formula to determine the daily cost of your loan.

Simple interest formula

The simple interest calculator estimates an amount that includes the principal plus interest.

Simple Interest Equation (Principal + Interest)

A = P (1 + rt)


  • A indicates the Total accumulated Amount (principal + interest)
  • P indicates the Principal Amount
  • r indicates the Rate of Interest per year in decimal; r = R/100
  • t indicates the Period (months or years)

Compound Interest formula

To use the compound interest formula, you need to know the principal amount, annual interest rate, the time factor, and the number of compound periods. Once you have all figures, you can calculate the compound interest.

The formula for compound interest, including principal sum, is:

A = P (1 + r/n) (nt)


  • A indicates the future value of the investment/loan, including interest
  • P indicates the principal loan amount
  • r indicates the annual interest rate
  • n indicates the number of times that interest is compounded per unit t
  • t indicates the time the money is invested or borrowed for
After choosing where you are going to obtain your higher education, it's time to learn about the types of student loans and interest rates for student loans

Tips on Choosing the Right Student Loan

If you need money for your education, first check into scholarships, grants, and family assistance options.

The U.S. Department of Education advises taking scholarships and grants, earning money (work-study), and borrowing money (federal student loans).

If scholarships, grants, or work-study doesn’t cover your education expenditures, you’ll most likely need to take out student loans to make up the difference. If you’re looking for a student loan for college, here’s a brief guide to help you with your decision:

Determine how much you need

Examine your grant, scholarship, and family assistance options, then consider the tuition price, estimated class and book fees, accommodation, and any other expenses you’ll be responsible for. How much money will you require in total? It will help you to choose the most suitable lender for you.

Complete the FAFSA form

Fill out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) to apply for financial aid and student loan alternatives. The FAFSA deadline varies by state, so check their site for the most up-to-date information. Your information will be forwarded to your school, and you will get a letter stating whether or not you are eligible for any loans and how much they will cost.

Examine your federal loan possibilities

Your award letter will explain which federal student loan choices are available once you complete the FAFSA. It is entirely up to you whether or not to take the loans and what amount.

Look into private loan alternatives.

If your federal student loans don’t cover all of your expenses, private student loans may be an option. Private lenders will look at your credit to determine whether you qualify and if a cosigner is required.

Compare all available options and costs.

Review all federal student loan options, and compare them to what you require. Is it sufficient to cover your entire expenditure? If you require private student loans, you should shop around for the best rates and interest. Compare:

  • the repayment term;
  • the interest rate;
  • your prospective monthly payment;
  • the repayment options available.

6. Choose the loan that will work the best for you

It will be better to exhaust federal student loan options before moving to private student loans, although both may be necessary to cover expenses. With that in mind, see if you can find a private student loan with a competitive interest rate.

Understanding Student Loan Types and Interest Rates

Understanding how interest works while repaying student loans may go a long way toward lowering your borrowing expenses, whether for student loans or any other loan you may take out in the future.

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